A Comprehensive 
Guide to Diabetes 
and Prediabetes


Diabetes is a chronic medical condition characterized by high blood glucose levels. This is also known as hyperglycemia. It occurs when the body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or can’t effectively use the insulin it produces. Insulin is a hormone that helps regulate blood sugar and allows cells to use glucose for energy.

In today’s fast-paced world, it’s important to be aware of the prevalence and impact of diabetes on individuals and society. These conditions have become increasingly common, affecting millions worldwide.

More than one in ten adults in the United States have diabetes. If left unmanaged, it can lead to severe medical conditions like heart disease, kidney failure, and Alzheimer’s disease.

Knowing the differences between diabetes and prediabetes, their risk factors, and preventive measures can help you improve your health, feel more energetic, and lower your risk of heart attack and stroke.

Types of diabetes

There are three common types of diabetes:

Type 1

Often diagnosed in childhood, Type 1 diabetes results from the immune system attacking and destroying insulin-producing cells in the pancreas.

Individuals with type 1 diabetes need insulin injections or an insulin pump to manage their blood sugar levels.

Type 2

This is the most common form of diabetes. It typically develops later in life. It’s associated with lifestyle factors, genetics, and obesity.

Type 2 diabetes can often be managed through a combination of lifestyle changes, medication, and insulin therapy.


This type occurs during pregnancy.

It can increase the risk of both the mother and baby developing type 2 diabetes later in life.

Other, rare types of diabetes, include Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults, Maturity-Onset Diabetes of the Young, Neonatal Diabetes, and Secondary Diabetes.

Prediabetes – a warning sign

Prediabetes is a condition where blood glucose levels are higher than normal, but not yet high enough to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. One in three US adults has prediabetes, yet 80% don’t realize they have it. It often has no symptoms, making regular health check-ups crucial for early detection.

Prediabetes serves as a warning sign that you’re at risk of developing type 2 diabetes, and therefore an increased probability of serious health complications. But getting type 2 diabetes doesn’t have to be a sure thing. In fact, prediabetes can be treated and reversed with simple but effective changes to your lifestyle.

Risk factors for diabetes and prediabetes

Several factors contribute to the development of diabetes and prediabetes.
Common risk factors include:


Being overweight increases the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes and prediabetes.

Family History:

A family history of diabetes can increase your susceptibility to the condition.

Physical Inactivity:

A sedentary lifestyle contributes to weight gain and insulin resistance.

Poor Diet:

Excessive sugar and processed foods can lead to weight gain and insulin imbalances.


The risk of developing type 2 diabetes increases with age, especially after 45.

Prevention and management

Here’s some good news. Diabetes and prediabetes can often be prevented or managed through lifestyle changes and medical intervention. These are some strategies to consider:

Healthy Diet:

Adopt a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins. Limit sugary and processed foods.

Regular Exercise:

Engage in moderate-intensity physical activity for at least 150 minutes each week to improve insulin sensitivity and maintain a strong heart.

Weight Management:

Maintain a healthy weight. Even a modest reduction in body mass can significantly cut the risk of diabetes.

Regular Check-ups:

Schedule regular health checks to monitor blood sugar levels and identify prediabetes at an early stage


In some cases, healthcare professionals may prescribe medication to manage your blood sugar levels effectively.

A proactive approach to maintaining cardiovascular and metabolic health

Living with diabetes

For those individuals already diagnosed with diabetes, proper management is essential to prevent complications and maintain a high quality of life. These are some key points to keep in mind:

1. Blood Sugar Monitoring:

Regularly check blood sugar levels and work with healthcare professionals to adjust insulin or medication as needed.

2. Healthy Habits:

Continue following a healthy diet and exercise regularly. Avoid smoking and excessive alcohol consumption.

3. Diabetes Education:

Participate in diabetes education programs to learn more about managing the condition effectively.

4. Stress Management:

Chronic stress can impact blood sugar levels. Incorporating stress-relief techniques can be beneficial.


Diabetes and prediabetes are health conditions that require attention and proactive management. By understanding the risk factors, taking preventive measures, and making lifestyle changes, you can reduce your chance of developing diabetes. You can also effectively manage the condition if already diagnosed.

Regular check-ups, healthy habits, and support from healthcare professionals are fundamental in ensuring a healthier and happier life for those affected by these conditions. Small steps towards a healthier lifestyle can make a significant difference in the long run.

Living with diabetes and prediabetes can be challenging, but managing it doesn’t have to be. At HealthViber, we understand everyone’s health journey is unique. That’s why we developed a CDC-recognized Diabetes Prevention Program, focused on positive lifestyle changes and long-lasting results.

Contact us today if you’d like to join the HealthViber Diabetes Prevention Program.