Yes. Blood sugar can be measured via non-invasive Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) meters. The FDA has approved this, and the device has sensors usually attached to the upper arm where blood sugar level readings can be monitored- current & over the past couple of hours.
A blood glucose meter measures the level of glucose(sugar) in a person’s blood and screens for diabetes in them. When the test is taken while fasting, normal glucose levels range between 77-99mg/dL for a person without diabetes.
Hypoglycemia or low blood sugar is an abnormal condition when the levels are lower than 70mg/dL. At the same time, Hyperglycemia or high blood sugar happens when the levels are typically above 180mg/dL. If you encounter either of these, please consult a doctor at the earliest for detailed diagnosis & treatment.
The blood sugar level varies during the day depending on the food consumed, physical exertions, stress, medical conditions & medications, alcohol consumption, & more. The acceptable blood sugar levels typically for different age groups are the following. Do note that these numbers are while fasting.
These numbers could show variations if the blood glucose test is taken after consuming a meal or immediately or after a few hours as well.
According to WHO, a fasting blood glucose level equal to or between 3.9-5.6 mmol/L is normal. If the levels are 5.6-6.9 mmol/L, changes to your lifestyle are needed, and glycemia needs to be checked regularly. If the fasting blood glucose level is 7 mmol/L or higher, diabetes is diagnosed.
If you wish to opt for a non-invasive method to measure your blood sugar level, you can opt for the Freestyle Libre system, similar to the CGM method, without requiring a finger prick. However, unlike CGM, you wouldn’t get continuous readings, and the sensor attached underneath your skin records the levels.
Low blood sugar comes with symptoms that you could take as a cue to consult a doctor and decide the course of treatment. Some of these include sweating, hunger, irritability, fatigue, erratic heartbeat, anxiety, and pale skin. Further, there are strips available for urine tests that change color based on the glucose levels in your body. However, it would be hard to get precise readings via this method.
With fasting blood sugar, the levels fall between 70-100 mg/dL since this is recorded after about 6-8 hours of a meal. On the other hand, these levels usually rise after a meal and don’t go above 135-140 mg/dL.
Any blood glucose level above 180-200 mg/dL is deemed high and would impair the capacity of the kidneys to reabsorb glucose spills into the urine. If these levels reach 400s or more, it could alter some mental functions and adversely affect the individual’s health.
Blood sugar levels can be expressed either in milligrams of sugar per deciliter(mg/dL) or millimoles of sugar per liter (mmol/L) of blood. Any number less than 5.6 mmol/L is considered normal, between 5.6-6.9 mmol/L is pre-diabetes, and 7.0 mmol/L or more is diagnosed as diabetes.
Here’s how you can check if your blood glucose meter is accurate. Provide your blood sample to a lab, and at the same time, measure your levels using your blood glucose meter. Compare the two. According to the FDA, accurate blood glucose meters provide results within ±15% of the lab 95% of the time.
The fastest way to control your blood sugar levels is by consulting your doctor and taking insulin. Monitor your blood sugar levels for about 15-30 minutes after taking insulin to ensure your levels come down to normal and don’t sink too low. Regular exercise & diet are sure ways to bring down blood sugar levels and control them systematically.
Physical activity requires energy, for which the body demands glucose. As the cells provide this, blood sugar levels drop.
A young pancreas quickly gets to work after a meal and produces insulin to break down the food, lower glucose levels, and facilitate storing glucose in the fat, liver, etc. As we age, the pancreas produces less insulin, and as a result, blood sugar levels remain high for longer durations. Further, aging kidneys may not be adept as before in filtering glucose from the bloodstream. Thus, as we age, blood sugar levels could also rise, especially with changes in lifestyle, diet, and body exertions.
When the blood glucose levels are measured while fasting, a normal range is between 77-99mg/dL for a person without diabetes. It’s best to consult a doctor and plan the course of treatment.
The American Diabetes Association recommends seniors have blood glucose levels less than 180 mg/dL two hours after eating. While fasting, these ranges could be between 90-130 mg/dL. It’s essential to check the blood sugar levels of seniors periodically to ensure these are well within the healthy limits. You can easily order a blood glucose meter for a senior in your family online, and they can easily check it on their own!
It’s advisable to check your blood sugar levels daily to ensure it doesn’t fall into the high category. It’s good to consult your doctor to get the proper medical advice and treatment.
You can either give your blood sample to a laboratory and get the results or do the test at home using a blood glucose meter like Health Viber. If the test is taken while fasting, any meter values between 70-100 mg/dL are normal, and after a meal, the levels could be 135-140 mg/dL.
If you have the possibility of getting diabetes in the near future, there are some early symptoms you can watch out for to consult a doctor and bring in some lifestyle & diet changes. Some of these symptoms could be
It is still debatable if there are drinks that lower your blood sugar levels. Rather, the outcome is to prevent spikes in these levels and keep them from rising further. Some of these are:
It’s advised not to squeeze the blood from your finger while using a glucose meter to avoid diluting the specimen with tissue fluid. Further, you also need to wipe off the first drop of blood to prevent contaminating the blood sample from the skin surface.
According to The American Diabetes Association (ADA), it is recommended to check your blood sugar levels right before a meal using a blood glucose meter. Post 1-2 hours after the meal, you have to recheck it.
Ladyfinger is a vegetable rich in dietary fibers, low in calories, and comes with a low Glycemic Index (GI). According to Diabetes.co.uk, there is quite a lot of evidence that shows ladyfinger as a superfood to combat diabetes. Many Vitro (laboratory) and Vivo (animal) studies point to ladyfinger having glucose-lowering potent.
Water helps the body flush out the excess glucose present and could help control the blood sugar level to a certain extent.
Research shows that apple cider vinegar could help lower blood sugar levels and enhance sensitivity toward insulin. A 2018 study showed that ACV led to a slight, significant reduction in HbA1c results after 8-12 weeks.
Studies have shown that A1C can better predict diabetes and its related complications in adults. At the same time, in children & adolescents, oral glucose tests fare better in predicting & diagnosing pre-diabetes and diabetes.